Labor tying

Anindita Mukherjee, Debraj Ray

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We study labor-tying in a competitive agricultural economy. The co-existence of seasonal fluctuations in income and imperfect credit markets suggests that tied contracts should dominate casual labor markets. However, empirical observation from India suggests that this is far from being the case, and indeed, that there is a declining trend in labor tying. We consider a model that permits deviations ex-post from mutually agreed implicit contracts. In equilibrium, casual labor markets are always active despite the presence of seasonality, and a variety of implications are derived that link economic growth, changing information flows, and the decline of labor tying over time.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)207-239
    Number of pages33
    JournalJournal of Development Economics
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Aug 1995


    • Agriculture
    • Implicit contracts
    • Labor tying
    • Rural labor markets
    • Seasonality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Development
    • Economics and Econometrics


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