Language Universals

Morten H. Christiansen, Christopher Collins, Shimon Edelman

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

    Abstract

    Languages differ from one another in bewildering and seemingly arbitrary ways. For example, in English, the verb precedes the direct object (understand the proof), but in Japanese, the direct object comes first. In some languages, such as Mohawk, it is not even possible to establish a basic word order. Nonetheless, languages do share certain regularities in how they are structured and used. The exact nature and extent of these "language universals" has been the focus of much research and is one of the central explanatory goals in the language sciences. During the past fifty years, there has been tremendous progress, a few major conceptual revolutions, and even the emergence of entirely new fields. The wealth of findings and theories offered by the various language-science disciplines has made it more important than ever to work toward an integrated understanding of the nature of human language universals. This book examines language universals from a cross-disciplinary perspective. It provides insights into long standing questions such as: What exactly defines the human capacity for language? Are there universal properties of human languages and, if so, what are they? Can all language universals be explained in the same way, or do some universals require different kinds of explanations from others?.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    PublisherOxford University Press
    Number of pages308
    ISBN (Electronic)9780199866953
    ISBN (Print)9780195305432
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2009

    Keywords

    • Direct object
    • English
    • Human capacity for language
    • Japanese
    • Mohawk
    • Universal properties
    • Verb

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

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