We explore constraints on the spectral index n of density fluctuations and the neutrino energy density fraction Ων from observations of large scale structure. The best fits imply n1 and Ων0.1-0.3, for Hubble constants 40-60 km s-1 Mpc-1. We present a new class of inflationary models based on realistic supersymmetric grand unified theories (GUTs) which do not have the usual "fine tuning" problems. The amplitude of primordial density fluctuations is found to be (MXMP)2, where MX (MP) denote the GUT (Planck) scale. The spectral index n=0.98, in excellent agreement with the observations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)