Traffic Engineering (TE) has been widely used by network operators to improve network performance and provide better service quality to users. One major challenge for TE is how to generate good routing strategies adaptive to highly dynamic future traffic scenarios. Unfortunately, existing works could either experience severe performance degradation under unexpected traffic fluctuations or sacrifice performance optimality for guaranteeing the worst-case performance when traffic is relatively stable. In this paper, we propose LARRI, a learning-based TE to predict adaptive routing strategies for future unknown traffic scenarios. By learning and predicting a routing to handle an appropriate range of future possible traffic matrices, LARRI can effectively realize a trade-off between performance optimality and worst-case performance guarantee. This is done by integrating the prediction of future demand range and the imitation of optimal range routing into one step. Moreover, LARRI employs a scalable graph neural network architecture to greatly facilitate training and inference. Extensive simulation results on six real-world network topologies and traffic traces show that LARRI achieves near-optimal load balancing performance in future traffic scenarios with up to 43.3% worst-case performance improvement over state-of-the-art baselines, and also provides the lowest end-to-end delay under dynamic traffic fluctuations.