TY - JOUR

T1 - Latitudinal differential rotation in the solar analogues 16 Cygni A and B

AU - Bazot, M.

AU - Benomar, O.

AU - Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.

AU - Gizon, L.

AU - Hanasoge, S.

AU - Nielsen, M.

AU - Petit, P.

AU - Sreenivasan, K. R.

N1 - Funding Information:
Acknowledgements. We thank the referee for their careful reading of the manuscript. The authors thank C. Hanson for interesting discussions. This material is based upon work supported by the NYU Abu Dhabi Institute under grant G1502. Funding for the Stellar Astrophysics Centre is provided by The Danish National Research Foundation (Grant DNRF106). The research was supported by the ASTERISK project (ASTERoseismic Investigations with SONG and Kepler) funded by the European Research Council (Grant agreement no.: 267864). In memory of Michael J. Thompson.
Publisher Copyright:
© ESO 2019.

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Context. Asteroseismology has undergone a profound transformation as a scientific field following the CoRoT and Kepler space missions. The latter is now yielding the first measurements of latitudinal differential rotation obtained directly from oscillation frequencies. Differential rotation is a fundamental mechanism of the stellar dynamo effect. Aims. Our goal is to measure the amount of differential rotation in the solar analogues 16 Cyg A and B, which are the components of a binary system. These stars are the brightest observed by Kepler and have therefore been extensively observed, with exquisite precision on their oscillation frequencies. Methods. We modelled the acoustic power spectrum of 16 Cyg A and B using a model that takes into account the contribution of differential rotation to the rotational frequency splitting. The estimation was carried out in a Bayesian setting. We then inverted these results to obtain the rotation profile of both stars under the assumption of a solar-like functional form. Results. We observe that the magnitude of latitudinal differential rotation has a strong chance of being solar-like for both stars, their rotation rates being higher at the equator than at the pole. The measured latitudinal differential rotation, defined as the difference of rotation rate between the equator and the pole, is 320 ± 269 nHz and 440-383+363 nHz for 16 Cyg A and B, respectively, confirming that the rotation rates of these stars are almost solar-like. Their equatorial rotation rates are 535 ± 75 nHz and 565-129+150 nHz. Our results are in good agreement with measurements obtained from spectropolarimetry, spectroscopy, and photometry. Conclusions. We present the first conclusive measurement of latitudinal differential rotation for solar analogues. Their rotational profiles are very close to those of the Sun. These results depend weakly on the uncertainties of the stellar parameters.

AB - Context. Asteroseismology has undergone a profound transformation as a scientific field following the CoRoT and Kepler space missions. The latter is now yielding the first measurements of latitudinal differential rotation obtained directly from oscillation frequencies. Differential rotation is a fundamental mechanism of the stellar dynamo effect. Aims. Our goal is to measure the amount of differential rotation in the solar analogues 16 Cyg A and B, which are the components of a binary system. These stars are the brightest observed by Kepler and have therefore been extensively observed, with exquisite precision on their oscillation frequencies. Methods. We modelled the acoustic power spectrum of 16 Cyg A and B using a model that takes into account the contribution of differential rotation to the rotational frequency splitting. The estimation was carried out in a Bayesian setting. We then inverted these results to obtain the rotation profile of both stars under the assumption of a solar-like functional form. Results. We observe that the magnitude of latitudinal differential rotation has a strong chance of being solar-like for both stars, their rotation rates being higher at the equator than at the pole. The measured latitudinal differential rotation, defined as the difference of rotation rate between the equator and the pole, is 320 ± 269 nHz and 440-383+363 nHz for 16 Cyg A and B, respectively, confirming that the rotation rates of these stars are almost solar-like. Their equatorial rotation rates are 535 ± 75 nHz and 565-129+150 nHz. Our results are in good agreement with measurements obtained from spectropolarimetry, spectroscopy, and photometry. Conclusions. We present the first conclusive measurement of latitudinal differential rotation for solar analogues. Their rotational profiles are very close to those of the Sun. These results depend weakly on the uncertainties of the stellar parameters.

KW - Asteroseismology

KW - Methods: data analysis

KW - Methods: statistical

KW - Stars: oscillations

KW - Stars: rotation

KW - Stars: solar-type

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U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201834594

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201834594

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85063745899

VL - 623

JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

M1 - A125

ER -