Leadership ratings: Toward focusing more on specific behaviors

James S. Uleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Current leadership rating scales emphasize assessing behaviors rather than other characteristics. Yet an examination of their content, as well as the current research literature, suggests that they tap much more. In the interest of increasing the utility of leadership ratings, a relatively narrow conception of "behavior" is advocated, and leadership-behavior is contrasted with leadership-perception and leadership-effectiveness. Recent discoveries in social-cognition regarding factors that influence encoding and retrieval of behavior episodes are reviewed. They suggest a number of steps that might be taken to increase the accuracy of leadership ratings as measures of leaders' actual behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-187
Number of pages13
JournalThe Leadership Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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