Learning, Action, Inference and Neuromodulation

P. Dayan, N. D. Daw, Y. Niv

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


Neuromodulators such as dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine play a critical role in controlling the learning about the association between stimuli and actions and rewards and punishments, and also in regulating the way that networks process information and effect decisions. Precise characterization of at least one part of their function in these respects comes from theories originating in statistics, operations research, and engineering, and computational theory ties together neural, psychological, ethological, and even economic notions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
StatePublished - 2009


  • Acetylcholine
  • Classical conditioning
  • Dopamine
  • Forward model
  • Instrumental conditioning
  • Kalman filter
  • Neuromodulation
  • Norepinephrine
  • Prediction
  • Reinforcement learning
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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