Leptin improves insulin resistance and hyperglycemia in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes

Yuka Toyoshima, Oksana Gavrilova, Shoshana Yakar, William Jou, Stephanie Pack, Zeenat Asghar, Michael Wheeler, Derek LeRoith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Leptin has metabolic effects on peripheral tissues including muscle, liver, and pancreas, and it has been successfully used to treat lipodystrophic diabetes, a leptin-deficient state. To study whether leptin therapy can be used for treatment of more common cases of type 2 diabetes, we used a mouse model of type 2 diabetes (MKR mice) that show normal leptin levels and are diabetic due to a primary defect in both IGF-I and insulin receptors signaling in skeletal muscle. Here we show that leptin administration to the MKR mice resulted in improvement of diabetes, an effect that was independent of the reduced food intake. The main effect of leptin therapy was enhanced hepatic insulin responsiveness possibly through decreasing gluconeogenesis. In addition, the reduction of lipid stores in liver and muscle induced by enhancing fatty acid oxidation and by inhibiting lipogenesis, led to an improvement of the lipotoxic condition. Our data suggest that leptin could be a potent anti-diabetic drug in cases of type 2 diabetes that are not leptin deficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4024-4035
Number of pages12
JournalEndocrinology
Volume146
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Leptin
  • Lipotoxicity
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Leptin improves insulin resistance and hyperglycemia in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Toyoshima, Y., Gavrilova, O., Yakar, S., Jou, W., Pack, S., Asghar, Z., Wheeler, M., & LeRoith, D. (2005). Leptin improves insulin resistance and hyperglycemia in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes. Endocrinology, 146(9), 4024-4035. https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2005-0087