Lessons of Resistance from Black Mothers to their Black Sons

Sohini Das, Jessica Pitts, Kristina Arevalo, Blair Cox, Tessa Blood, Diane Hughes, Vallone Coulanges, Caitlin Keryc, Onnie Rogers, Niobe Way

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In negotiating the anti-Black oppression, Black mothers communicate lessons of resistance in their racial socialization messages to their Black adolescent boys. We investigate whether distinct strategies of resistance for survival, characterized by individual-focused immediate strategies of resistance, and resistance for liberation, strategies of resistance that disrupt systems of anti-Black oppression rooted in furthering collective Black empowerment, are employed in Black mothers' messages to their sons. In this manuscript, we use longitudinal data of Black mothers’ of adolescent boys interviews (N = 31) across three time points (6th–11th grade). Our findings indicate the presence of various strategies of resistance for survival and resistance for liberation within Black mothers’ preparation for bias socialization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)981-998
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • Black mothers
  • racial socialization
  • resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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