Level-set evolution with region competition: Automatic 3-D segmentation of brain tumors

Sean Ho, Elizabeth Bullitt, Guido Gerig

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    We develop a new method for automatic segmentation of anatomical structures from volumetric medical images. Driving application is tumor segmentation from 3-D MRIs, which is known to be a very challenging problem due to the variability of tumor geometry and intensity patterns. Level-set snakes offer significant advantages over conventional statistical classification and mathematical morphology, however snakes with constant propagation need careful initialization and can leak through weak or missing boundary parts. Our region competition method overcomes these problems by modulating the propagation term with a signed local statistical force, leading to a stable solution. A pre- vs. post-contrast difference image is used to calculate probabilities for background and tumor regions, with a mixture-modelling fit of the histogram. Preliminary results on five cases with significant shape and intensity variability demonstrate that the new method might become a powerful and efficient tool for the clinic. Validity is demonstrated by comparison with manual expert segmentation.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition
    Pages532-535
    Number of pages4
    Volume16
    Edition1
    StatePublished - 2002

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
    • Hardware and Architecture

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  • Cite this

    Ho, S., Bullitt, E., & Gerig, G. (2002). Level-set evolution with region competition: Automatic 3-D segmentation of brain tumors. In Proceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition (1 ed., Vol. 16, pp. 532-535)