Ligation of triangles built from bulged 3-arm DNA branched junctions

Jing Qi, Xiaojun Li, Xiaoping Yang, Nadrian C. Seeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An important stepping stone to controlled construction on the nanometer scale is the development of rigid components, building blocks whose directions of bonding bear fixed angular relationships to each other. We are exploring nanoconstruction with branched DNA junctions. Branched junctions with three and four arms are known to be flexible, but 3-arm branched junctions containing bulges are known to have a preferred stacking direction. Here, we have tested the rigidity of equilateral triangles whose vertices are all bulged 3-arm branched junctions. There are two kinds of equilateral triangles with an integral number of turns per edge that can be made from these components: those with the bulges on the inside strand, and those with the bulges on the outside strand. Alternating the two species generates a reporter strand. Each triangle is assembled and purified as a topologically closed species. Assembly of the triangle with the bulges on the inner strand results in two topoisomers that can be separated. Sticky ends are generated on the triangles by restricting their external arms. Incompletely restricted triangles and completely restricted hairpins are removed by binding magnetic streptavidin beads to biotin groups incorporated in the hairpins. Assembly of rigid triangles would result in a closed hexamer of triangles. Ligation experiments have been performed, in which twisting was varied about the expected values. In all cases, the primary intact product is seen to be the cyclic tetramer. Thus, triangles with bulged 3-arm branched junctions at the vertices do not constitute a rigid component for nanoconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6121-6130
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jul 3 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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