LM Initiative Success at the Institutional Level Through the RE-AIM Approach: 12 Tips and Implementation Science Strategies

Hugo Ortega, Christina Tache, Gabrielle Bachtel, Gia Merlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Transforming research into practice via implementation science may improve institution-wide implementation success rates for lifestyle medicine (LM). Implementation science (IS) is the study of methods that facilitate the uptake of evidence-based practice and research into regular use by practitioners and policymakers. Multiple IS frameworks, such as the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance/Practical Robust Implementation Strategy Model (RE-AIM/PRISM) model, Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, Sustainment (EPIS) model, and Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) model, have been developed. IS frameworks provide a strong yet adaptable foundation for launching initiatives, minimizing barriers by challenging implementers to identify and address problems that impede implementation, and promoting long-term sustainability and positive outcomes. The trouble-shooting tips provided in this article are strategically aligned with the RE-AIM/PRISM model of IS to maximize the likelihood of implementation success within the LM space. These tips provide guidance on how to effectively implement interventions, sustain their delivery, and avoid or overcome barriers to implementation. This article presents 12 tips intended as a list of options to facilitate the implementation phases of an initiative, as opposed to offering an all-or-nothing approach to implementation strategy. Current IS priorities emphasize system change and sustainability, which are essential components of successful implementation of LM initiatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • 12 tips
  • Implementation science
  • RE-AIM
  • change initiative
  • healthcare institution
  • institutional change
  • lifestyle medicine
  • lifestyle medicine initiative
  • project implementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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