We prove local existence and uniqueness for the two-dimensional Prandtl system in weighted Sobolev spaces under Oleinik's monotonicity assumption. In particular we do not use the Crocco transform or any change of variables. Our proof is based on a new nonlinear energy estimate for the Prandtl system. This new energy estimate is based on a cancellation property that is valid under the monotonicity assumption. To construct the solution, we use a regularization of the system that preserves this nonlinear structure. This new nonlinear structure may give some insight into the convergence properties from the Navier-Stokes system to the Euler system when the viscosity goes to 0.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics