Extensive thermodynamic parameters of inhomogeneous fluids in thermal equilibrium are expressed as integrals of corresponding locally defined quantities. In particular, the distinction between the grand canonical potential and the integrated mechanical pressure is discussed in terms of scale invariance, and a similar analysis is made of the Helmholtz free energy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics