Locke's offices

Phillip Mitsis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

There is a curious moment in Locke's Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693) when he turns to the question of what discourses on ethics a young English gentleman in the making should be encouraged to read. This is a question of some importance, one would have thought, in a treatise whose stated goal is an education to virtue and service to one's country, especially given Locke's claim that education “is that which makes the great difference in mankind.” “… of all the men we meet with,” hesays, “nine parts of ten are what they are, good or evil, useful or not, by their education” (&1). But the brevity of his treatment here – earlier in the treatise he has spent at least ten times as long on proper methods of toilet training and five times as long on the question of whether children should beallowed to eat melons and plums or apples and pears – as well as the brevity of his actual reading list, occasion some surprise. Indeed, Locke explicitly recommends reading just two books in the sphere of morality:Theknowledge of virtue, all along from the beginning, in all the instances he is capable of, being taught him, moreby practice than rules; and the love of reputation, instead of satisfying his appetite, being madehabitual in him; I know not whether he should read any other discourses of morality, but what he finds in the Bible; or have any system of ethics put into his hand, till he can read Tully's Offices, not as a school-boy to learn Latin, but as one who would be informed in the principles and precepts of virtue, for the conduct of his life

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHellenistic and Early Modern Philosophy
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages45-61
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780511498275
ISBN (Print)9780521823852
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

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