Locus of control and initiation of detoxification among Male methadone maintenance patients

John Langrod, Don C. Des Jarlais, Lois Alksne, Joyce Lowinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Two hypotheses were derived linking locus of control to voluntary, "completion of treatment" detoxification from methadone maintenance : (1) methadone maintenance patients with an internal locus of control will be more likely to indicate a willingness to begin detoxification, and (2) among patients indicating a willingness to begin, those with an internal locus of control would be more likely to actually begin. Subjects were 115 male methadone patients. A nonsignificant trend was found in support of the first hypothesis, while the second was reversed at a statistically significant level (r = -.30, p < 012). The results are analyzed in terms of patient ambivalence concerning the possible outcomes of detoxification, and the need to include behavioral measures in research on personality variables and drug dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-790
Number of pages8
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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