Longitudinal structural connectivity in the developing brain with projective non-negative matrix factorization

Heejong Kim, Joseph Piven, Guido Gerig

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Understanding of early brain changes has the potential to investigate imaging biomarkers for pre-symptomatic diagnosis and thus opportunity for optimal therapeutic intervention, for example in early diagnosis of infants at risk to autism or altered development of infants to drug exposure. In this paper, we propose a framework to analyze longitudinal changes of structural connectivity in the early developing infant brain by exploring underlying network components of brain structural connectivity and its changes with age. Structural connectivity is a non-negative sparse network. Projective non-negative matrix factorization (PNMF) offers benefits in sparsity and learning fewer parameters for non-negative sparse data. The number of matrix subcomponents was estimated by automatic relevance determination PNMF (ARDPNMF) for brain connectivity networks for the given data. We apply linear mixed effect modeling on the resulting loadings from ARDPNMF to model longitudinal network component changes over time. The proposed framework was validated on a synthetic example generated by known linear mixed effects on loadings of the known number of bases with different levels of additive noises. Feasibility of the framework on real data has been demonstrated by analysis of structural connectivity networks of high angular resonance diffusion imaging (HARDI) data from an ongoing neuroimaging study of autism. A total of 139 image data sets from high-risk and low-risk subjects acquired at multiple time points have been processed. Results demonstrate the feasibility of the framework to analyze connectivity network properties as a function of age and the potential to eventually explore differences associated with risk status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2019
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
EditorsElsa D. Angelini, Elsa D. Angelini, Elsa D. Angelini, Bennett A. Landman
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625457
StatePublished - 2019
EventMedical Imaging 2019: Image Processing - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 19 2019Feb 21 2019

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferenceMedical Imaging 2019: Image Processing
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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