## Abstract

Using a diagrammatic approach to Eulerian perturbation theory, we calculate analytically the variance and skewness of the density and velocity divergence induced by gravitational evolution from Gaussian initial conditions, including corrections beyond leading order. Except for the power spectrum, previous calculations in cosmological perturbation theory have been confined to leading order (tree level): we extend these to include loop corrections. For scale-free initial power spectra, P(k) ∼ k^{n} with -2 ≤ n ≤ 2, the one-loop variance σ^{2} ≡ 〈δ2〉 = σ^{2}_{l} + 1.82σ^{4}_{l}, and the skewness S_{3} = 〈δ^{3}〉/σ^{4} = 34/7 + 9.8σ^{2}_{l}, where σ_{l} is the rms fluctuation of the density field to linear order. (These results depend weakly on the spectral index n, due to the nonlocality of the nonlinear solutions to the equations of motion.) Thus, loop corrections for the (unsmoothed) density field begin to dominate over tree-level contributions (and perturbation theory presumably begins to break down) when σ^{2}_{l} ≃ 1/2. For the divergence of the velocity field, loop dominance does not occur until σ^{2}_{l} ≈ 1. We also compute loop corrections to the variance, skewness, and kurtosis for several nonlinear approximation schemes, where the calculation can be easily generalized to one-point cumulants of higher order and arbitrary number of loops. We find that the Zeldovich approximation gives the best approximation to the loop corrections of exact perlurbation theory, followed by the linear potential approximation (LPA) and the frozen flow approximation (FFA), in qualitative agreement with the relative behavior of tree-level results. In LPA and FFA, loop corrections are infrared divergent for spectral indices n ≤ - 1; this is related to the breaking of Galilean invariance in these schemes.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 37-73 |

Number of pages | 37 |

Journal | Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series |

Volume | 105 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jul 1996 |

## Keywords

- Cosmology: theory
- Large-scale structure of universe
- Methods: analytical

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science