While spatial correlations are adequately exploited by standard lossless image compression techniques, little success has been attained in exploiting spectral correlations when dealing with multispectral image data. In this paper, we present some new lossless image compression techniques that capture spectral correlations as well as spatial correlation in a simple and elegant manner. The schemes are based on the notion of a prediction tree, which defines a noncausal prediction model for an image. We present a backward adaptive technique and a forward adaptive technique. We then give a computationally efficient way of approximating the backward adaptive technique. The approximation gives good results and is extremely easy to compute. Simulation results show that for high spectral resolution images, significant savings can be made by using spectral correlations in addition to spatial correlations. Furthermore, the increase in complexity incurred in order to make these gains is minimal.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
|Published - Mar 1994
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- General Earth and Planetary Sciences