Low colorectal cancer screening uptake and persistent disparities in an underserved urban population

Katherine Ni, Kelli O'Connell, Sanya Anand, Stephanie C. Yakoubovitch, Simona C. Kwon, Rabia Ali De Latour, Andrew B. Wallach, Scott E. Sherman, Mengmeng Du, Peter S. Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Colorectal cancer screening has increased substantially in New York City in recent years. However, screening uptake measured by telephone surveys may not fully capture rates among underserved populations. We measured screening completion within 1 year of a primary care visit among previously unscreened patients in a large urban safety-net hospital and identified sociodemographic and health-related predictors of screening. We identified 21,256 patients ages 50 to 75 who were seen by primary care providers (PCP) in 2014, of whom 14,425 (67.9%) were not up-to-date with screening. Because PCPs facilitate the majority of screening, we compared patients who received screening within 1 year of an initial PCP visit to those who remained unscreened using multivariable logistic regression. Among patients not up-to-date with screening at study outset, 11.5% (1,658 patients) completed screening within 1 year of a PCP visit. Asian race, more PCP visits, and higher area-level income were associated with higher screening completion. Factors associated with remaining unscreened included morbid obesity, ever smoking, Elixhauser comorbidity index of 0, and having Medicaid/Medicare insurance. Age, sex, language, and travel time to the hospital were not associated with screening status. Overall, 39.9% of patients were up-to-date with screening by 2015. In an underserved urban population, colorectal cancer screening disparities remain, and overall screening uptakewas low. Because more PCP visits were associated with modestly higher screening completion at 1 year, additional communitylevel education and outreach may be crucial to increase colorectal cancer screening in underserved populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-402
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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