Low-power adaptive pipelined MPSoCs for multimedia: An H.264 video encoder case study

Haris Javaid, Muhammad Shafique, Sri Parameswaran, Jörg Henkel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Pipelined MPSoCs provide a high throughput implementation platform for multimedia applications, with reduced design time and improved flexibility. Typically a pipelined MPSoC is balanced at design-time using worst-case parameters. Where there is a widely varying workload, such designs consume exorbitant amount of power. In this paper, we propose a novel adaptive pipelined MPSoC architecture that adapts itself to varying workloads. Our architecture consists of Main Processors and Auxiliary Processors with a distributed run-time balancing approach, where each Main Processor, independent of other Main Processors, decides for itself the number of required Auxiliary Processors at run-time depending on its varying workload. The proposed run-time balancing approach is based on off-line statistical information along with workload prediction and run-time monitoring of current and previous workloads' execution times. We exploited the adaptability of our architecture through a case study on an H.264 video encoder supporting HD720p at 30 fps, where clock- and power-gating were used to deactivate idle Auxiliary Processors during low workload periods. The results show that an adaptive pipelined MPSoC provides energy savings of up to 34% and 40% for clock- and power-gating based deactivation of Auxiliary Processors respectively with a minimum throughput of 29 fps when compared to a design-time balanced pipelined MPSoC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2011 48th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2011
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2011
Event2011 48th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2011 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 5 2011Jun 9 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings - Design Automation Conference
ISSN (Print)0738-100X


Conference2011 48th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2011
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Adaptive MPSoCs
  • Low-Power Design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation


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