Low temperature synthesis of magnetite and maghemite nanoparticles

Shrikant Bhagwat, Hema Singh, Anjali Athawale, Beatrice Hannoyer, Samuel Jouen, Benoit Lefez, Darshan Kundaliya, Renu Pasricha, Shailaja Kulkarni, Satishchandra Ogale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report on the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles below 100°C by a simple chemical protocol. The uniqueness of the method lies in the use of Ferrous ammonium sulphate (in conjugation with FeCI 3) which helps maintain the stability of Fe 2+ state in the reaction sequence thereby controlling the phase formation. Hexamine was added as the stabilizer. The nanoparticles synthesized at three different temperatures viz, 5°, 27°, and 95 °C are characterized by several techniques. Generally, when a mixture of Fe 3+ and Fe 2+ is added to sodium hydroxide, α-Fe 2O 3 (the anti-ferromagnetic phase) is formed after the dehydration process of the hydroxide. In our case however, the phases formed at all the three temperatures were found to be ferro (ferri) magnetic, implying modification of the formation chemistry due to the specifics of our method. The nanoparticles synthesized at the lowest temperature exhibit magnetite phase, while increase in growth temperature to 95 °C leads to the maghemite phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4294-4302
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2007


  • Low Temperature Synthesis.
  • Magnetite, Maghemite
  • Nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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