We have used two sets of orthogonally polarized traveling-wave pulses separated in time to establish and, subsequently, rephase a spatially periodic coherence grating between the magnetic sublevels of the [Formula Presented] ground state in a cloud of laser-cooled [Formula Presented] atoms. The rephasing results in a magnetic grating echo (MGE). We have used the shape of the signals to determine both transverse and longitudinal velocity distributions and to study the effects of magnetic fields. The amplitude of the MGE with counterpropagating pulses is modulated at the atomic recoil frequency, a consequence of matter wave interference.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics