Magnetoelectric Effect in Piezoelectric/Magnetostrictive Multilayer (2-2) Composites

Marco Avellaneda, Girish Harshé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider the magnetoelectric effect arising in a multilayer composite consisting of bonded layers of a piezoelectric ceramic and a magnetostrictive material operating in the linear regime. Magnetoelectric coupling arises from the mechanical contacts between layers and the elec tric/mechanical and magnetic/mechanical coupling in each phase. Calculations of the magnetoelec tric coefficient α* as well as of the figures of merit kme and kme,cl are presented. These calculations fully take into account the electric, magnetic and mechanical mismatch in the material properties, as well as the volume-fractions of both materials. We derive the optimal volume fraction f1 of piezoelectric material needed to maximize the figure of merit k fme or kme,cl for the composite and give criteria for optimizing the magnetoelectric effect in terms of the choice of the individual constit uents. We computed the figures of merit of a variety of piezoelectric/magnetostrictive combinations. The combinations CoFe2O4/PZT5H (kme = 14%), Terfenol D/PZT5A (kme = 22%) and Terfenol D/PZT4 (kme = 30%) show reasonable energy transfer to be useful as magnetoelectric transducers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-513
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


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