Malleability of gamma rhythms enhances population-level correlations

Sonica Saraf, Lai Sang Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An important problem in systems neuroscience is to understand how information is communicated among brain regions, and it has been proposed that communication is mediated by neuronal oscillations, such as rhythms in the gamma band. We sought to investigate this idea by using a network model with two components, a source (sending) and a target (receiving) component, both built to resemble local populations in the cerebral cortex. To measure the effectiveness of communication, we used population-level correlations in spike times between the source and target. We found that after correcting for a response time that is independent of initial conditions, spike-time correlations between the source and target are significant, due in large measure to the alignment of firing events in their gamma rhythms. But, we also found that regular oscillations cannot produce the results observed in our model simulations of cortical neurons. Surprisingly, it is the irregularity of gamma rhythms, the absence of internal clocks, together with the malleability of these rhythms and their tendency to align with external pulses — features that are known to be present in gamma rhythms in the real cortex — that produced the results observed. These findings and the mechanistic explanations we offered are our primary results. Our secondary result is a mathematical relationship between correlations and the sizes of the samples used for their calculation. As improving technology enables recording simultaneously from increasing numbers of neurons, this relationship could be useful for interpreting results from experimental recordings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-205
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Computational Neuroscience
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Correlations
  • Gamma rhythms
  • Population dynamics
  • Synchrony
  • Time-delays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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