Management of the aging forehead: A review

M. Scott Connor, Vasiliki Karlis, G. E. Ghali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aging in the upper third of the face manifests as rhytids and ptosis of the frontal, glabellar, and brow regions. Frown lines may occur even in younger individuals as a result of habitual or dynamic forehead muscular hyperactivity. Multiple treatment options have been advocated to address forehead rhytids and brow ptosis. This article reviews 3 of the more commonly used treatment options: collagen, botulinum toxin, and surgical forehead lifting. Additionally, an algorithm is proposed as a guideline for selecting the most appropriate option for a given condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalOral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry


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