Management of the aging forehead: A review

M. Scott Connor, Vasiliki Karlis, G. E. Ghali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aging in the upper third of the face manifests as rhytids and ptosis of the frontal, glabellar, and brow regions. Frown lines may occur even in younger individuals as a result of habitual or dynamic forehead muscular hyperactivity. Multiple treatment options have been advocated to address forehead rhytids and brow ptosis. This article reviews 3 of the more commonly used treatment options: collagen, botulinum toxin, and surgical forehead lifting. Additionally, an algorithm is proposed as a guideline for selecting the most appropriate option for a given condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalOral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
Volume95
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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