Manipulating stored phonological input during verbal working memory

Gregory B. Cogan, Asha Iyer, Lucia Melloni, Thomas Thesen, Daniel Friedman, Werner Doyle, Orrin Devinsky, Bijan Pesaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Verbal working memory (vWM) involves storing and manipulating information in phonological sensory input. An influential theory of vWM proposes that manipulation is carried out by a central executive while storage is performed by two interacting systems: a phonological input buffer that captures sound-based information and an articulatory rehearsal system that controls speech motor output. Whether, when and how neural activity in the brain encodes these components remains unknown. Here we read out the contents of vWM from neural activity in human subjects as they manipulated stored speech sounds. As predicted, we identified storage systems that contained both phonological sensory and articulatory motor representations. Unexpectedly, however, we found that manipulation did not involve a single central executive but rather involved two systems with distinct contributions to successful manipulation. We propose, therefore, that multiple subsystems comprise the central executive needed to manipulate stored phonological input for articulatory motor output in vWM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-286
Number of pages8
JournalNature Neuroscience
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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