Manyfold universe

Nima Arkani-Hamed, Savas Dimopoulos, Nemanja Kaloper, Gia Dvali

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We propose that our world is a brane folded many times inside the sub-millimeter extra dimensions. The folding produces many connected parallel branes or folds with identical microphysics - a Manyfold. Nearby matter on other folds can be detected gravitationally as dark matter since the light it emits takes a long time to reach us traveling around the fold. Hence dark matter is microphysically identical to ordinary matter; it can dissipate and clump possibly forming dark replicas of ordinary stars which are good MACHO candidates. Its dissipation may lead to far more frequent occurrence of gravitational collapse and consequently to a significant enhancement in gravitational wave signals detectable by LIGO and LISA. Sterile neutrinos find a natural home on the other folds. Since the folded brane is not a BPS state, it gives a new geometric means for supersymmetry breaking in our world. It may also offer novel approach for the resolution of the cosmological horizon problem, although it still requires additional dynamics to solve the flatness problem. Although there are constraints from BBN, structure formation, the enormity of galactic halos and the absence of stars and globular clusters with a discernible dark matter component, we show that the model is consistent with current observational limits. It presents us with a new dark matter particle and a new framework for the evolution of structure in our universe.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)XIX-29
    JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
    Volume4
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2000

    Keywords

    • Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM
    • Extra Large Dimensions
    • Field Theories in Higher Dimensions
    • Physics of the Early Universe

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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  • Cite this

    Arkani-Hamed, N., Dimopoulos, S., Kaloper, N., & Dvali, G. (2000). Manyfold universe. Journal of High Energy Physics, 4(12), XIX-29. https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2000/12/010