Mapping chromosome rearrangement breakpoints to the physical map of Caenorhabditis elegans by fluorescent in situ hybridization

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A scheme for rapidly mapping chromosome rearrangements relative to the physical map of Caenorhabditis elegans is described that is based on hybridization patterns of cloned DNA on meiotic nuclei, as visualized by fluorescent in situ hybridization. From the nearly complete physical map, DNA clones, in yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs), spanning the rearrangement breakpoint were selected. The purified YAC DNAs were first amplified by degenerate oligonucleotide-primed polymerase chain reaction, then reamplified to incorporate fluorescein dUTP or rhodamine dUTP. The site of hybridization was visualized directly (without the use of antibodies) on meiotic bivalents. This allows chromosome rearrangements to be mapped readily if the duplicated, deficient or translocated regions do not pair with a normal homologous region, because the site or sites of hybridization of the probe on meiotic prophase nuclei will be spatially distinct. The pattern, or number, of hybridization signals from probes from within, or adjacent to, the rearranged region of the genome can be predicted from the genetic constitution of the strain. Characterization of the physical extent of the genetically mapped rearrangements places genetic landmarks on the physical map, and so provides linkage between the two types of map.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-219
Number of pages9
JournalGenetics
Volume134
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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