Mapping culture with latent class analysis: A response to Eger and Hjerm

Bart Bonikowski, Paul DiMaggio

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Eger and Hjerm's methodological critique of our 2016 study of Americans' sentiments towards the nation asserts that the latent class (LCA) models employed in our paper did not fit the data and that consequently, the paper fails to demonstrate the existence of multiple varieties of American nationalism. We challenge E&H's analyses and argue that their conclusions stem from erroneous assumptions, both about our models and about best practices for applied LCA-based research. Based on a review of their results and additional analyses carried out with their preferred measures, we demonstrate that our model choices were justified and our 2016 findings are robust. In so doing, we offer a critique of unreflective adherence to inappropriate model fit criteria that ignores theory and concerns over the parsimony, interpretability, construct validity and external validity of model results.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)353-365
    Number of pages13
    JournalNations and Nationalism
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 2022

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Political Science and International Relations


    Dive into the research topics of 'Mapping culture with latent class analysis: A response to Eger and Hjerm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this