Mapping oscillating magnetic fields around rechargeable batteries

Stefan Benders, Mohaddese Mohammadi, Matthew J. Ganter, Christopher A. Klug, Alexej Jerschow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Power storage devices such as batteries are a crucial part of modern technology. The development and use of batteries has accelerated in the past decades, yet there are only a few techniques that allow gathering vital information from battery cells in a nonivasive fashion. A widely used technique to investigate batteries is electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which provides information on how the impedance of a cell changes as a function of the frequency of applied alternating currents. Building on recent developments of inside-out MRI (ioMRI), a technique is presented here which produces spatially-resolved maps of the oscillating magnetic fields originating from the alternating electrical currents distributed within a cell. The technique works by using an MRI pulse sequence synchronized with a gated alternating current applied to the cell terminals. The approach is benchmarked with a current-carrying wire coil, and demonstrated with commercial and prototype lithium-ion cells. Marked changes in the fields are observed for different cell types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106811
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Alternating current
  • Current imaging
  • Oscillating field
  • Rechargeable batteries
  • Triggered acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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