Maritime and Underwater Cultural Heritage Initiatives in Tanzania and Mozambique

Bill Jeffery, Robert Parthesius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this paper is provide an overview of the capacity building programmes in maritime and underwater cultural heritage (MUCH) conducted by the authors in Tanzania and Mozambique. Tanzania and Mozambique have long histories of indigenous cultures, foreign contacts and influences and African adaptations beginning in the late Greco-Roman period, when the coastal populations exploited the peoples and riches of the interior. Today the coastline contains numerous examples of indigenous tangible and intangible heritage and many sites and histories related to the Swahili culture. Some exploratory research and training has been conducted in Tanzania and Mozambique, but the implementation by local residents of their own MUCH programme is still at an early stage. Under a UNESCO agreement framework, Tanzania in particular has started to develop a MUCH programme, which can assist in highlighting their extensive histories, cultural landscapes and cultural identity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-178
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Maritime Archaeology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • Ilha de Moçambique
  • Kilwa Kisiwani
  • Mafia Island
  • Maritime and underwater cultural heritage (MUCH) programme
  • Swahili

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology


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