Marriage outcome and relationship with urban versus rural context for individuals with psychosis in a population-based study in China

Lawrence H. Yang, Michael R. Phillips, Xianyun Li, Gary Yu, Jingxuan Zhang, Qichang Shi, Zhiqiang Song, Zhijie Ding, Shutao Pang, Ezra Susser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: While social integration among individuals with psychosis differs by social context, this has rarely been investigated across urban vs. rural settings. For individuals with psychosis, marriage may be a key component of social integration. This study aims to compare marriage outcomes for individuals with psychosis in urban vs. rural settings in China, where marriage has been almost universal among individuals without psychosis. Methods: In a large community-based study in four provinces representing 12 % of China’s population, we identified 393 individuals with psychosis (112 never treated). We used adjusted Poisson regression models to compare marriage status for those living in urban (n = 96) vs. rural (n = 297) contexts. Results: While urban and rural residents had similar impairments due to symptoms, urban female residents were 2.72 times more likely to be unmarried than their rural counterparts (95 % CI 1.19–6.22, p < 0.0176). Stratified analyses indicated that this marital disadvantage occurred primarily among urban females with an earlier age of onset. No differences were found among males. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that urban contexts impeded opportunities for marriage for female individuals with psychosis. These data suggest that urban women with earlier age of onset have difficulty in marrying which may be related to economic expectations of women in urban areas. Research examining contextual mechanisms that affect marriage may further understanding of social integration in China and other contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1501-1509
Number of pages9
JournalSocial psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 3 2015


  • Cross-cultural
  • Epidemiology
  • Marriage
  • Psychosis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social integration
  • Urbanicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Social Psychology
  • Epidemiology


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