Masonry confinement with fiber-reinforced polymers

Theofanis D. Krevaikas, Thanasis C. Triantafillou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The application of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) as a means of increasing the axial capacity of masonry through confinement, a subject not addressed before, is investigated in this study. Four series of uniaxial compression tests, with a total of 42 specimens, were conducted on model masonry columns with these variables: number of layers, radius at the corners, cross-section aspect ratio, and type of fibers. It is concluded that, in general, FRP-confined masonry behaves very much like FRP-confined concrete. Confinement increases both the load-carrying capacity and the deformability of masonry almost linearly with the average confining stress. The uniaxial compression test results enabled the development of a simple confinement model for strength and ultimate strain of FRP-confined masonry. This model is consistent with the test results obtained here but should attract further experimental verification in the future to account for types of masonry materials other than those used in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2005


  • Confinement
  • Fiber reinforced polymers
  • Masonry
  • Tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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