Mass and star formation rate of the host galaxies of compact binary mergers across cosmic time

M. Celeste Artale, Michela Mapelli, Yann Bouffanais, Nicola Giacobbo, Mario Pasquato, Mario Spera

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We investigate the properties of the host galaxies of compact binary mergers across cosmic time, by means of population-synthesis simulations combined with galaxy catalogues from the EAGLE suite. We analyse the merger rate per galaxy of binary neutron stars (BNSs), black hole-neutron star binaries (BHNSs), and binary black holes (BBHs) from redshift zero up to six. The binary merger rate per galaxy strongly correlates with the stellar mass of the host galaxy at any redshift considered here. This correlation is significantly steeper for BNSs than for both BHNSs and BBHs. Moreover, we find that the merger rate per galaxy depends also on host galaxy's star formation rate (SFR) and metallicity. We derive a robust fitting formula that relates the merger rate per galaxy with galaxy's SFR, stellar mass, and metallicity at different redshifts. The typical masses of the host galaxies increase significantly as redshift decreases, as a consequence of the interplay between delay time distribution of compact binaries and cosmic assembly of galaxies. Finally, we study the evolution of the merger rate density with redshift. At low redshift (z ≤ 0.1) early-type galaxies give a larger contribution to the merger rate density than late-type galaxies. This trend reverts at z ≥ 1.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)3419-3434
    Number of pages16
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume491
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2020

    Keywords

    • Black hole physics
    • Galaxies: stellar content
    • Gravitational waves
    • Methods: numerical
    • Stars: mass-loss

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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