Masses and Ages for 230,000 LAMOST Giants, via Their Carbon and Nitrogen Abundances

Anna Y.Q. Ho, Hans Walter Rix, Melissa K. Ness, David W. Hogg, Chao Liu, Yuan Sen Ting

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We measure carbon and nitrogen abundances to a precision of ≲0.1 dex for 450,000 giant stars from their lowresolution (R ∼ 1800) LAMOST DR2 survey spectra. We use these [C M] and [N M] measurements, together with empirical relations based on the APOKASC sample, to infer stellar masses and implied ages for 230,000 of these objects to 0.08 dex and 0.2 dex respectively. We use The Cannon, a data-driven approach to spectral modeling, to construct a predictive model for LAMOST spectra. Our reference set comprises 8125 stars observed in common between the APOGEE and LAMOST surveys, taking seven APOGEE DR12 labels (parameters) as ground truth: Teff , log g, [M/H], [α/M], [C/M], [N/M], and Ak. We add seven colors to the Cannon model, based on the g, r, i, J, H, K, W1, W2 magnitudes from APASS, 2MASS, and WISE, which improves our constraints on Teff and log g by up to 20% and on Ak by up to 70%. Cross-validation of the model demonstrates that, for high-S/N objects, our inferred labels agree with the APOGEE values to within 50 K in temperature, 0.04 mag in Ak, and <0.1 dex in log g, [M/H], [C/M], [N/M], and [α/M]. We apply the model to 450,000 giants in LAMOST DR2 that have not been observed by APOGEE. This demonstrates that precise individual abundances can be measured from low-resolution spectra and represents the largest catalog to date of homogeneous stellar [C/M], [N/M], masses, and ages. As a result, we greatly increase the number and sky coverage of stars with mass and age estimates.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number40
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume841
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 20 2017

    Keywords

    • methods: data analysis
    • methods: statistical
    • stars: abundances
    • stars: fundamental parameters
    • surveys
    • techniques: spectroscopic

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Ho, A. Y. Q., Rix, H. W., Ness, M. K., Hogg, D. W., Liu, C., & Ting, Y. S. (2017). Masses and Ages for 230,000 LAMOST Giants, via Their Carbon and Nitrogen Abundances. Astrophysical Journal, 841(1), [40]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa6db3