Maternal Obesity, Caesarean Delivery and Caesarean Delivery on Maternal Request: a Cohort Analysis from China

Yubo Zhou, Jan Blustein, Hongtian Li, Rongwei Ye, Liping Zhu, Jianmeng Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: To quantify the association between maternal obesity and caesarean delivery, particularly caesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR), a fast-growing component of caesarean delivery in many nations. Methods: We followed 1 019 576 nulliparous women registered in the Perinatal Healthcare Surveillance System during 1993–2010. Maternal body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), before pregnancy or during early pregnancy, was classified as underweight (<18.5), normal (18.5 to <23; reference), overweight (23 to <27.5), or obese (≥27.5), consistent with World Health Organization guidelines for Asian people. The association between maternal obesity and overall caesarean and its subtypes was modelled using log-binomial regression. Results: During the 18-year period, 404 971 (39.7%) caesareans and 93 927 (9.2%) CDMRs were identified. Maternal obesity was positively associated with overall caesarean and CDMR. Adjusted risk ratios for overall caesarean in the four ascending BMI categories were 0.96 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.94, 0.97], 1.00 (Reference), 1.16 [95% CI 1.14, 1.18], 1.39 [95% CI 1.43, 1.54], and for CDMR were 0.95 [95% CI 0.94, 0.96], 1.00 (Reference), 1.20 [95% CI 1.18, 1.22], 1.48 [95% CI 1.433, 1.54]. Positive associations were consistently found in women residing in southern and northern provinces and in subgroups stratified by year of delivery, urban or rural residence, maternal age, education, level of delivering hospital, and birthweight. Conclusions: In a large Chinese cohort study, maternal obesity was associated with an increased risk of caesarean delivery and its subtypes, including CDMR. Given the rising global prevalence of obesity, and in view of the growth of CDMR, it seems likely that caesarean births will increase, unless there are changes in obstetrical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalPaediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015


  • body mass index
  • caesarean delivery
  • caesarean delivery on maternal request
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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