TY - JOUR

T1 - Maximum of branching Brownian motion in a periodic environment

AU - Lubetzky, Eyal

AU - Thornett, Chris

AU - Zeitouni, Ofer

N1 - Funding Information:
We are grateful to an anonymous referee for a careful reading of the manuscript and useful suggestions. E. Lubetzky was supported in part by NSF grants DMS-1812095 and DMS-2054833. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 692452), and from a US-Israel BSF grant.
Funding Information:
We are grateful to an anonymous referee for a careful reading of the manuscript and useful suggestions. E. Lubetzky was supported in part by NSF grants DMS-1812095 and DMS-2054833. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 692452), and from a US-Israel BSF grant.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Association des Publications de l'Institut Henri Poincaré.

PY - 2022/11

Y1 - 2022/11

N2 - We study the maximum of Branching Brownian motion (BBM) with branching rates that vary in space, via a periodic function of a particle's location. This corresponds to a variant of the F-KPP equation in a periodic medium, extensively studied in the last 15 years, admitting pulsating fronts as solutions. Recent progress on this PDE due to Hamel, Nolen, Roquejoffre and Ryzhik ('16) implies tightness for the centered maximum of BBM in a periodic environment. Here we establish the convergence in distribution of specific subsequences of this centered maximum, and identify the limiting distribution. Consequently, we find the asymptotic shift between the solution to the corresponding F-KPP equation with Heavyside initial data and the pulsating wave, thereby answering a question of Hamel et al. Analogous results are given for the cases where the Brownian motion is replaced by an Ito diffusion with periodic coefficients, as well as for nearest-neighbor branching random walks.

AB - We study the maximum of Branching Brownian motion (BBM) with branching rates that vary in space, via a periodic function of a particle's location. This corresponds to a variant of the F-KPP equation in a periodic medium, extensively studied in the last 15 years, admitting pulsating fronts as solutions. Recent progress on this PDE due to Hamel, Nolen, Roquejoffre and Ryzhik ('16) implies tightness for the centered maximum of BBM in a periodic environment. Here we establish the convergence in distribution of specific subsequences of this centered maximum, and identify the limiting distribution. Consequently, we find the asymptotic shift between the solution to the corresponding F-KPP equation with Heavyside initial data and the pulsating wave, thereby answering a question of Hamel et al. Analogous results are given for the cases where the Brownian motion is replaced by an Ito diffusion with periodic coefficients, as well as for nearest-neighbor branching random walks.

KW - Branching Brownian motion

KW - F-KPP in periodic medium

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U2 - 10.1214/21-AIHP1219

DO - 10.1214/21-AIHP1219

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85141264255

SN - 0246-0203

VL - 58

SP - 2065

EP - 2093

JO - Annales de l'institut Henri Poincare (B) Probability and Statistics

JF - Annales de l'institut Henri Poincare (B) Probability and Statistics

IS - 4

ER -