Measurement of HbA1c in gingival crevicular blood using a high-pressure liquid chromatography procedure

Michael A. Pesce, Shiela M. Strauss, Mary Rosedale, Jane Netterwald, Hangli Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Objective: To validate an ion exchange high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for measuring glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in gingival crevicular blood (GCB) spotted on filter paper, for use in screening dental patients for diabetes. Methods: We collected the GCB specimens for this study from the oral cavities of patients during dental visits, using rigorous strategies to obtain GCB that was as free of debris as possible. The analytical performance of the HPLC method was determined by measuring the precision, linearity, carryover, stability of HbA1c in GCB, and correlation of HbA1c results in GCB specimens with finger-stick blood (FSB) specimens spotted on filter paper. Results: The coefficients of variation (CVs) for the inter- and intrarun precision of the method were less than 2.0%. Linearity ranged between 4.2% and 12.4%; carryover was less than 2.0%, and the stability of the specimen was 6 days at 4°C and as many as 14 days at -70°C. Linear regression analysis comparing the HbA1c results in GCB with FSB yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.993, a slope of 0.981, and an intercept of 0.13. The Bland-Altman plot showed no difference in the HbA1c results from the GCB and FSB specimens at normal, prediabetes, and diabetes HbA1c levels. Conclusion: We validated an HPLC method for measuring HbA1c in GCB; this method can be used to screen dental patients for diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-298
Number of pages9
JournalLaboratory Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015


  • Dried blood spot
  • Gingival crevicular blood
  • HPLC assay
  • HbA1c
  • HbA1c stability
  • Screening for diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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