Measurement of the branching fractions and forward-backward asymmetries of the Z0 into light quarks

K. Ackerstaff, G. Alexander, J. Allison, N. Altekamp, K. J. Anderson, S. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. Bartoldus, J. R. Batley, S. Baumann, J. Bechtluft, C. Beeston, T. Behnke, A. N. BellK. W. Bell, G. Bella, S. Bentvelsen, P. Berlich, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, A. Biguzzi, S. D. Bird, V. Blobel, I. J. Bloodworth, J. E. Bloomer, M. Bobinski, P. Bock, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, B. T. Bouwens, S. Braibant, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, R. Bürgin, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, D. Chrisman, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, O. C. Cooke, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, C. Dallapiccola, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, L. A. Del Pozo, K. Desch, M. S. Dixit, E. Do Couto E Silva, M. Doucet, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. Eatough, J. E.G. Edwards, P. G. Estabrooks, H. G. Evans, M. Evans, F. Fabbri, M. Fanti, A. A. Faust, F. Fiedler, M. Fierro, H. M. Fischer, I. Fleck, R. Folman, D. G. Fong, M. Foucher, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, S. M. Gascon-Shotkin, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, T. Geralis, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, R. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, D. M. Gingrich, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, C. Hajdu, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, M. Hapke, C. K. Hargrove, P. A. Hart, C. Hartmann, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, M. Herndon, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, M. D. Hildreth, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, T. Hilse, P. R. Hobson, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, R. Howard, D. E. Hutchcroft, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. C. Imrie, M. R. Ingram, K. Ishii, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, A. Joly, C. R. Jones, G. Jones, M. Jones, U. Jost, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, J. Kirk, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, M. Kolrep, S. Komamiya, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. Von Krogh, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, R. Lahmann, W. P. Lai, D. Lanske, J. Lauber, S. R. Lautenschlager, J. G. Layter, D. Lazic, A. M. Lee, E. Lefebvre, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Ludwig, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markus, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, E. A. Mckigney, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, S. Menke, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, J. Meyer, A. Michelini, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, A. Mincer, R. Mir, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. Morii, U. Müller, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, B. Nellen, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, N. J. Oldershaw, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. Pálinkas, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. Patt, M. J. Pearce, S. Petzold, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Posthaus, H. Przysiezniak, D. L. Rees, D. Rigby, S. Robertson, S. A. Robins, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, A. Rooke, E. Ros, A. M. Rossi, M. Rosvick, P. Routenburg, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, U. Ruppel, D. R. Rust, R. Rylko, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, F. Scharf, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, J. Schieck, P. Schleper, B. Schmitt, S. Schmitt, A. Schöning, M. Schröder, H. C. Schultz-Coulon, M. Schulz, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Sittler, A. Skillman, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, B. Stockhausen, K. Stoll, D. Strom, P. Szymanski, R. Tafirout, S. D. Talbot, S. Tanaka, P. Taras, S. Tarem, R. Teuscher, M. Thiergen, M. A. Thomson, E. Von Törne, S. Towers, I. Trigger, E. Tsur, A. S. Turcot, M. F. Turner-Watson, P. Utzat, R. Van Kooten, M. Verzocchi, P. Vikas, E. H. Vokurka, H. Voss, F. Wäckerle, A. Wagner, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, J. S. White, B. Wilkens, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, G. Wolf, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, G. Yekutieli, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Using approximately 4.3 million hadronic Z0 decays collected with the OPAL detector at LEP between 1990 and 1995, we measure the branching fractions of the Z0 into up-type and down-type light quarks, Rq, and the forward-backward asymmetries, AFB(q), using high-momentum stable particles as a tag. Adopting a method that employs double tagged events to determine the flavour tagging efficiencies, and assuming the flavour independence of strong interactions and SU(2) isospin symmetry, we measure: Rd,s/(Rd + Ru + Rs) = 0.371 ±0.016 (stat.) ±0.016 (syst.) and AFB(d, s) = 0.068 ±0.035 (stat.) ±0.011 (syst.) , assuming the branching fractions and forward-backward asymmetries of down and strange quarks to be equal. The results are essentially free of assumptions based on hadronisation models. These results are in agreement with the Standard Model expectations and are used to infer the left and right handed couplings of strange/down quarks to the Z0, yielding gLd,s = -0.44-0.09+0.13 and gRd,s = +0.13-0.17+0.15. The results for the up quark, Ru/(Rd + Ru + Rs) = 0.258 ± 0.031 (stat.) ± 0.032 (syst.) and AFB(u) = 0.040 ±0.067 (stat.) ±0.028 (syst.), are fully negatively correlated and almost completely positively correlated, respectively, with the corresponding down-type results.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)387-400
    Number of pages14
    JournalZeitschrift fur Physik C-Particles and Fields
    Volume76
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 1997

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Ackerstaff, K., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Altekamp, N., Anderson, K. J., Anderson, S., Arcelli, S., Asai, S., Axen, D., Azuelos, G., Ball, A. H., Barberio, E., Barlow, R. J., Bartoldus, R., Batley, J. R., Baumann, S., Bechtluft, J., Beeston, C., Behnke, T., ... Zer-Zion, D. (1997). Measurement of the branching fractions and forward-backward asymmetries of the Z0 into light quarks. Zeitschrift fur Physik C-Particles and Fields, 76(3), 387-400. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002880050563