Measurement Process and Inversions Using Helioseismic Normal-mode Coupling

Shravan Hanasoge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Normal modes are coupled by the presence of perturbations in the Sun, providing a novel and underappreciated helioseismic technique with which to image the solar interior. The process of measuring coupling between normal modes is straightforward, much more so when compared with other prevalent helioseismic techniques. The theoretical framework to interpret these measurements is well developed with the caveat that it applies only in the case where the entire surface of the Sun is observed. In practice, however, the limited visibility of the Sun and line-of-sight-related effects diminish the resolution of the technique. Here, we compute realistic sensitivities of normal-mode coupling measurements to flows in the solar interior and describe how to mitigate the sometimes-overwhelming effect of leakage. The importance of being able to isolate individual spherical harmonics and observe the full Sun, to which future solar observatories may aspire, is thus highlighted in our results. In the latter part of the article, we describe the noise model for the variance of coupling coefficients, a critical component to the process of inference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number46
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Sun: helioseismology
  • Sun: interior
  • Sun: oscillations
  • hydrodynamics
  • waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Measurement Process and Inversions Using Helioseismic Normal-mode Coupling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this