Measuring Frequency and Period Separations in Red-giant Stars Using Machine Learning

Siddharth Dhanpal, Othman Benomar, Shravan Hanasoge, Abhisek Kundu, Dattaraj Dhuri, Dipankar Das, Bharat Kaul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Asteroseismology is used to infer the interior physics of stars. The Kepler and TESS space missions have provided a vast data set of red-giant lightcurves, which may be used for asteroseismic analysis. These data sets are expected to significantly grow with future missions such as PLATO, and efficient methods are therefore required to analyze these data rapidly. Here, we describe a machine-learning algorithm that identifies red giants from the raw oscillation spectra and captures p- and mixed-mode parameters from the red-giant power spectra. We report algorithmic inferences for large frequency separation ( "ν), frequency at maximum amplitude ( νmax ), and period separation ( "Π) for an ensemble of stars. In addition, we have discovered ∼25 new probable red giants among 151,000 Kepler long-cadence stellar-oscillation spectra analyzed by this method, among which four are binary candidates that appear to possess red-giant counterparts. To validate the results of this method, we selected ∼3000 Kepler stars, at various evolutionary stages ranging from subgiants to red clumps, and compare inferences of "ν, "Π, and νmax with estimates obtained using other techniques. The power of the machine-learning algorithm lies in its speed: It is able to accurately extract seismic parameters from 1000 spectra in ∼5 s on a modern computer (a single core of the Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 CPU).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number188
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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