Measuring Population Health in a Large Integrated Health System to Guide Goal Setting and Resource Allocation: A Proof of Concept

Elizabeth R. Stevens, Qinlian Zhou, Kimberly A. Nucifora, Glen B. Taksler, Marc N. Gourevitch, Matthew C. Stiefel, Patricia Kipnis, R. Scott Braithwaite

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In integrated health care systems, techniques that identify successes and opportunities for targeted improvement are needed. The authors propose a new method for estimating population health that provides a more accurate and dynamic assessment of performance and priority setting. Member data from a large integrated health system (n = 96,246, 73.8% female, mean age = 44 ± 0.01 years) were used to develop a mechanistic mathematical simulation, representing the top causes of US mortality in 2014 and their associated risk factors. An age- and sex-matched US cohort served as comparator group. The simulation was recalibrated and retested for validity employing the outcome measure of 5-year mortality. The authors sought to estimate potential population health that could be gained by improving health risk factors in the study population. Potential gains were assessed using both average life years (LY) gained and average quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained. The simulation validated well compared to integrated health system data, producing an AUC (area under the curve) of 0.88 for 5-year mortality. Current population health was estimated as a life expectancy of 84.7 years or 69.2 QALYs. Comparing potential health gain in the US cohort to the Kaiser Permanente cohort, eliminating physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, smoking, and uncontrolled diabetes resulted in an increase of 1.5 vs. 1.3 LY, 1.1 vs. 0.8 LY, 0.5 vs. 0.2 LY, and 0.5 vs. 0.5 LY on average per person, respectively. Using mathematical simulations may inform efforts by integrated health systems to target resources most effectively, and may facilitate goal setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-393
Number of pages9
JournalPopulation Health Management
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • allocative efficiency
  • health-adjusted life years
  • life expectancy
  • mathematical simulation
  • population health
  • quality-adjusted life years

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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