Measuring stellar differential rotation with asteroseismology

Laurent Gizon, Sami K. Solanki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The variation of rotation with latitude is poorly known on stars other than the Sun. Several indirect techniques, photometric and spectroscopic, have been used to search for departure from rigid rotation for sufficiently fast rotators. Here we investigate the possibility of measuring stellar differential rotation for solar-type stars through asteroseismology. Rotationally split frequencies of global oscillation provide information about rotation at different latitudes depending on the azimuthal order, m, of the mode of pulsation. We present a method to estimate differential rotation based on the realization that the m = ±1 and m = ±2 components of quadrupole oscillations can be observed simultaneously in asteroseismology. Rotational frequency splittings can be inverted to provide an estimate of the difference in stellar angular velocity between the equator and 45° latitude. The precision of the method, assessed through Monte Carlo simulations, depends on the value of the mean rotation and on the inclination angle between the rotation axis and the line of sight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-184
Number of pages16
JournalSolar Physics
Volume220
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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