To examine the mechanisms of mitral valve motion in mid diastole and at closure, we simultaneously measured mitral flow (electromagnetic), valve motion (echo), and atrioventricular pressures (micromanometer). Peak valve excursion (E point) occurs early (46 ± 7 ms) after opening and always precedes peak flow; therefore, mid-diastolic closing motion (EF slope) is not due to flow deceleration or vortex formation. Large variations in peak flow are accompanied by small variations in valve excursion (coefficient of variation 41 vs. 12%, respectively). We conclude that the valve overshoots its equilibrium position and that the chordae produce tension on the valve during diastole. This approach is supported by data from papillary muscle rupture, prolonged P-R interval, and mathematical modeling. We offer a valve-closure theory unifying chordal tension, flow deceleration, and vortices, with chordal tension as a necessary conditon for the proper function of the other two. Nevertheless prolonged periods of diastasis and ventricular premature contractions indicate that competent valve closure may occur in the absence of vortices and flow deceleration.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)