Metabolism of gastrin and cholecystokinin by endopeptidase 24.11 from the pig stomach

N. W. Bunnett, H. T. Debas, A. J. Turner, R. Kobayashi, J. H. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation is to examine the metabolism and inactivation of human and porcine gastrin 17 (nonsulfated) (G-17) and cholecystokinin octapeptide (sulfated) (CCK-8) by gastric endopeptidase 24.11. Endopeptidase 24.11 was isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography using a monoclonal antibody to the kidney enzyme. Peptides were incubated with endopeptidase 24.11. The digests were either fractionated by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography and the products identified by amino acid analysis or they were used for bioassays. Digests of human gastrin were assayed for stimulation of acid secretion in the anesthetized rat, and cholecystokinin digests were assayed for the stimulation of amylase secretion from isolated rat pancreatic acini. Human G-17 was degraded by cleavage of the Trp4-Leu5-,Ala11-Tyr12,Gly13-Trp14,Trp14-Met15, and Asp16-Phe17-NH2 bonds, and the fragments (1-16), (1-13), (1-11), (1-4), (5-11), (5-13), (12-13), (12-14), (14-16), and (17-NH2) were identified. Porcine G-17 was degraded by hydrolysis of the Ala11-Tyr12,Gly13-Trp14, and Asp16-Phe17-NH2 bonds producing (1-16), (1-13), (1-11), (12-13), (14-16), and (17-NH2) fragments. CCK-8 was degraded by hydrolysis of the Gly4-Trp5 and Asp7-Phe8-NH2 bonds, and the fragments (1-7), (1-4), (5-7), (5-8), and (8-NH2) were identified. There was a progressive decline in the biological activity with incubation time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18/5
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume255
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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