Metal-catalyzed di-tert-butylsilylene transfer was developed as a mild, operationally simple, functional-group-tolerant method for silacyclopropane formation. Di-tert-butylsilylene was transferred from cyclohexene silacyclopropane 1 to an alkene through the use of a metal salt. Silacyclopropanation occurred at temperatures as low as -27°C when AgOTf or AgOC(O)CF3 were used as catalysts. Complex silacyclopropanes were formed stereospecifically and diastereoselectively from functionalized alkenes. Silacyclopropanes reacted with various carbonyl compounds, including aldehydes, ketones, formate esters, and formamides, in an overall process that efficiently converts alkenes into oxasilacyclopentanes with defined stereochemistry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry