As an alternative to the strongly reducing conditions necessary for the formation of silacyclopropanes, silylene transfer was developed as a mild, functional group tolerant method of silacyclopropanation. Complex silacyclopropanes were formed from functionalized alkenes using cyclohexane di-tert-butyl silacyclopropane, 1, as the source of t-Bu2Si. Di-tert-butyl silylene can be generated from 1 through the use of a catalytic amount of a metal salt. At -27 °C, silver triflate catalyzes the transfer of t-Bu2Si from 1 to mono- and disubstituted alkenes stereospecifically and diastereoselectively. In situ functionalization of silacyclopropanes with catalytic zinc bromide and methyl formate provides for an expedient one-flask synthesis of complex oxasilacyclopentanes from alkenes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry