Methods employed for control of fouling in MF and UF membranes: A comprehensive review

Nidal Hilal, Oluwaseun O. Ogunbiyi, Nick J. Miles, Rinat Nigmatullin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Membrane-based processes are very susceptible to flux decline due to concentration polarization and fouling problems and the concept of fouling control via process optimization, membrane surface modification, and cleaning have been the focus of research in wastewater and water treatment. MF and UF membranes are utilized in many areas of industry. The main sector of application includes water and wastewater. There has been emphasis on the various methods used to reduce and, where possible, eliminate fouling. This review is a comprehensive insight into the wide range of techniques used in the control of fouling in both MF and UF membranes. It also addresses the amount of research that has gone into the various techniques used and the results achieved after experimental work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1957-2005
Number of pages49
JournalSeparation Science and Technology
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2005


  • Cleaning
  • Membrane fouling
  • Microfiltration
  • Pretreatment
  • Surface modification
  • Ultrafiltration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation


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