Over the past few years, the detection of biological analytes has intensively been studied to understand the biodiagnostics of various diseases . Some of the analytes that have been used as biomarkers for specific diseases include cell-free nucleic acids, (for example, DNA), messenger RNA (mRNA) and microRNA (miRNA) -, circulating tumor-specific nucleic acids [circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and ctRNA] -, exosomes , , and circulating tumor cells . These biomolecules are known to be effective indicators that can diagnose the presence of a potential disease even if their concentration changes slightly .
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering